Welding Gases

Acetylene  |  Air  |   Argon  |   Carbon Dioxide(CO2)  |   Helium
Hydrogen  |   Nitrogen  |   Oxygen  |  Propane

Carbon Dioxide (CO2)

Carbon Dioxide (CO2) is a non-flammable, colorless, odorless gas which exhibits an acidic taste.   It is found in air at concentrations of about 0.03%.   Carbon dioxide may exist simultaneously as a solid, liquid, and gas at a temperature of -69.9 degrees F (-56.6 degrees C) and a pressure of 60.4 psig (416 kPa).   At a temperature of -110 degrees F (-79 degrees C) and atmospheric pressure, carbon dioxide solidifies forming "dry ice" at a density of 97.4 pounds per cubic foot.   Because of its low concentration in the atmosphere, air is not a suitable feedstock for carbon dioxide production.  Rather, carbon dioxide is obtained for by-product streams from various manufacturing processes, such as the combustion of coal and natural gas.  Bulk quantities of carbon dioxide are usually stored and shipped as liquid under elevated pressure and refrigeration.

Although not truly inert, carbon dioxide is nonreactive with many materials and is often used for inerting purposes, such as blanketing and purging of tanks and reactors.  Mixed with argon at various levels, carbon dioxide is valuable as a shielding gas in the arc welding process.  In this application carbon dioxide is the best shielding gas because of its high heat conductivity and its ability to oxidize ferrous metals.  Argon mixed with carbon dioxide usually increases penetration of the weld in most metals.

Carbon dioxide is also used as the source of bubbles in soft drinks and other carbonated beverages.  It is used to fill certain types of fire extinguishers that rely on its inert properties, density, and low temperature when released from high pressure storage.  In addition to its "inert" properties, carbon dioxide as dry ice is used to freeze a variety of foods.

DOT Information
DOT Name:       Carbon Dioxide, Liquefied
DOT Hazard Class:       Nonflammable Gas
DOT Label:       Nonflammable Gas
DOT ID No.:       UN1013
CAS No.:       624-64-6
Valve Outlet:       CGA 320, CGA 960 Pin-indexed
Physical State in High Pressure Cylinder:  Liquid under own vapor pressure
Fire Potential:       Non-Flammable
Major Hazards:       Asphyxiant, High Pressure Inhalation

Physical Properties of Carbon Dioxide

Formula:       CO2
Molecular Weight:       44.01 lb/mol
Specific Volume at 70°F and 1 atm:        8.74 ft3/lb (0.42 m3/kg)
Specific Heat:       8.92 BTU/lbmol-deg F@ 70 deg. F
Specific Gravity:       1.555
Gas Density:       .1144 lb/ ft3 @ 70 deg. F. 14.7 PSIA
Psat @ 70 deg F:       852.8 psia
Liquid Density @ 70 deg F:       47.64 lb/ft3
Boiling Point
Temperature: -109.2 deg. F (-79 deg. C)

Critical Point

Temperature:   87.9 deg. F
Pressure: 1070.6 PSIA
Triple Point
Temperature: -69.9 deg. F
Pressure: 75.13 PSIA


Carbon Dioxide Cylinders



(PSI @ 70F)

(Height x Diameter)

20 lbs.



27" x 8"

50 lbs.



56" x 9"



Hobart Welding


Esab Welding


Miller Welding

Welding Supplies - Havard Welding.

Welding Supplies - Havard Welding.

Welding Supplies - Havard Welding.